by Jake McPherson
January 4, 1958
A work of art should not show. It should not teach.
IT SHOULD BE.
It should be like a fact that has many meanings, all as complex and mixed up as life itself, contradictory, unfathomable, mysterious. The meanings should be here. But the audience should feel — as they do in the presence of a work of nature, that they have to find them, dig them out, and interpret them for themselves, each putting on each his own meaning.
from Elia Kazan’s notebook for Face in the Crowd
as quoted in Kazan on Directing